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April 5th - is Gold Star Wives Day.
114TH CONGRESS 2D SESSION
Designating April 5, 2016, as ‘‘Gold Star Wives Day’’.
- RES. 413
IN THE SENATE OF THE UNITED STATES
APRIL 5, 2016
Mr. BURR (for himself, Mrs. BOXER, and Mr. HELLER) submitted the following resolution; which was considered and agreed to
Designating April 5, 2016, as ‘‘Gold Star Wives Day’’.
Whereas the Senate honors the sacrifices made by the spouses and families of the fallen members of the Armed Forces of the United States;
Whereas Gold Star Wives of America, Inc. represents the spouses and families of the members and veterans of the Armed Forces of the United States who have died on active duty or as a result of a service-connected disability;
Whereas the primary mission of Gold Star Wives of America, Inc. is to provide services, support, and friendship to the spouses of the fallen members and veterans of the Armed Forces of the United States;
Whereas in 1945, Gold Star Wives of America, Inc. was organized with the help of Eleanor Roosevelt to assist the
The Senate, (1) designates April 5, 2016, as ‘‘Gold Star Wives Day’’; to show honors and recognizes the contributions of the members of Gold Star Wives of America, Inc.; and the dedication of the members of Gold Star Wives of America, Inc. to the members and veterans of the Armed Forces of the United States; and encourages the people of the United States to observe Gold Star Wives Day to promote awareness of the contributions and dedication of the members of Gold Star Wives of America, Inc.
Whereas the first meeting of Gold Star Wives of America, Inc. was held on April 5, 1945;
Whereas April 5, 2017, marks the 72nd anniversary of the first meeting of Gold Star Wives of America, Inc.;
Whereas the members and veterans of the Armed Forces of the United States bear the burden of protecting the freedom of the people of the United States; and
Whereas the sacrifices of the families of the fallen members and veterans of the Armed Forces of the United States should never be forgotten: Now, therefore, be it to the members and veterans of the Armed Forces of the United States; and the important role that Gold Star Wives of America, Inc. plays in the lives of the spouses and families of the fallen members and veterans of the Armed Forces of the United States.
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Iraq Campaign Medal - What does it symbolize?
The Iraq Campaign Medal is a U.S. Military award, which was created by Executive Order 13363 of U.S. President George W. Bush on November 29th, 2004.
The Iraq Campaign Medal/Ribbon was awarded to U.S. service members who performed duty within the borders of Iraq or on its territorial waters for the period of 30 consecutive days or 60 non-consecutive days.
However, service members who engaged in combat with an enemy force, or personnel wounded in combat or wounded as a result of a terrorist attack within Iraq received the Iraq Campaign Medal regardless of the number of days spent within the country.
In addition, service members that were “regularly assigned air crew-members” established a single day of eligibility when participating in an aerial mission, into, out of, within or over Iraq in support of military operations. When these personnel reached the required minimum days of eligibility the medal was awarded.
The medal was awarded retroactively back to March 19, 2003 until the end of Operation New Dawn on December 31, 2011.
There are a total of 7 campaign phases for which the Iraq Campaign Medal will be awarded, they are:
Phase 1: Liberation of Iraq - March 19, 2003 to May 1, 2003,
Phase 2: Transition of Iraq - May 2, 2003 to June 28, 2004,
Phase 3: Iraqi Governance – June 29, 2004 to December 15, 2005,
Phase 4: National Resolution – December 16, 2005 to January 9, 2007,
Phase 5: Iraqi Surge – January 10, 2007 to December 31, 2008,
Phase 6: Iraqi Sovereignty – January 1, 2009 to August 31, 2010,
Phase 7: New Dawn – September 1, 2010 to December 31, 2011.
Service stars’ are used to identify each phase the service member has participated; a single bronze service star on the ribbon is indicative of one phase.
A sliver service star is worn on the ribbon in lieu of five bronze stars. If the service member wore one sliver and two bronze service stars this would depict all seven phases.
Service members participating in the 2014 Iraq conflict are awarded the Global War on Terrorism Expeditionary Medal and not the Iraq Campaign Medal because at this time it is not designated a Military Campaign.
The Iraq Campaign Medal and Ribbon are very recognizable. They can be seen on bumper stickers, t-shirts, mugs, posters, lapel pins, tie designs and now pocket squares. See our version here.
The Iraq Campaign Medal was designed by the U.S. Army Institute of Heraldry.
- The medal is bronze colored.
- The front depicts a relief of the map of Iraq identifying the area of operations,
- The map of Iraq has two lines inscribed representing the Tigris and Euphrates rivers, Iraq is the land of two rivers,
- The map sits over a palm wreath that represents peace and honor,
- Above the inscription reads "IRAQ CAMPAIGN."
- On the back of the medal is the Statue of Freedom which represents the ideals and goals of the United States Army to bring stability and improve the way of life for Iraq,
- The State of Freedom rest on a sunburst which symbolizes hope and success,
- Encircled by two scimitars pointing down with blades crossing recall the swords erected by Sadam Hussein during his reign;
- Pointing down is to symbolize the goal for freedom of the Iraqi people, after the fall of Hussein,
- Below this reads the inscription "FOR SERVICE IN IRAQ."
- The ribbon reflects the colors of the Iraq flag.
- Green is the traditional color for Islam.
- Red honors the fighting courage for the pursuit of freedom.
- White denotes generosity and;
- Black exemplifies Islam’s success.
- Chamois (tan color) is believed to recognize the terrain.
Check out our version of the Iraq Campaign Medal & other Veteran Pocket Square Heroes™ designs, by clicking on the below image.
"I went to an event in DC the Pocket Square was a big hit." - Dan
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Do You Know What the Oldest U.S. Service Medal Is?
The National Defense Service Medal (NDSM) was established by President Eisenhower per Executive Order 10448, dated 22 April 1953. The medal was first intended to be a "blanket campaign medal" awarded to service members who served honorably.
However, this is not the case. The National Defense Service Medal is designated for a time period of which the Secretary of Defense had declared a “national emergency” during a time of war or conflict.
The National Defense Service Medal is authorized for the following time periods:
Korean War – June 27, 1950 – July 27, 1954
Vietnam war January 1, 1961 - August 14, 1974
Persian Gulf War - August 2, 1990 - November 30, 1995
Global War on Terror (Afghanistan & Iraq Campaigns) - September 11, 2001 - Present day
The National Defense Service Medal is the oldest “service medal” used by the United States Armed Forces.
The National Defense Service Medal designs were created by Mr. T. H. Jones and were submitted on 26 May 1953. The Department of Defense and representatives of all services met on 27 May 1953 and 3 June 1953 selecting the design for final approval.
The front of the medal shows the American bald eagle, our National emblem; sitting a top a combination of oak and palm leaves which signifies strength and preparedness. Above this is the inscription “National Defense”.
On the back of the medal is a shield from the Coat of Arms of the United States, and which symbolizes the defense of the United States. Half encircled with an open wreath, the right side in oak leaves and left side in laurel leaves.
In our opinion, the National Defense Service Medal is the most recognizable service medal. The ribbon is colored red, white, blue and yellow. The NDSM ribbon can be seen on bumper stickers, t-shirts, coffee mugs, lapel pins and now pocket squares. See our version here.
The National Defense Service Medal is number eleven out of twenty-nine in the order of precedence and is related to the Global War on Terrorism Service Medal. The next lower medal is the Korean Service Medal. The next higher would be the Navy Occupation Service Medal, the Army Occupation Service Medal and the Medal for Humane Action.
If you have served during four authorized periods this is denoted by the addition of three bronze stars added to the ribbons face. The use of a silver star is authorized representing a sixth award and you are a badass.
It is said that in practice some military clerks will not add the National Defense Service Medal to the DD-214. If this is so, eligible veterans may apply to the military service departments to have it added to their records by filing a DD Form 215. Follow link here to file.
Check out our National Defense Service & other Veteran Pocket Square Heroes™ designs, click the below image.
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